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1.in English 用英语

2.how many 多少

3.a piece of bread 一片而包

4.four cups of tea 四杯茶

5.a pair of shoes 一双鞋

6.play chess 下棋

7.run after 追逐

8.play football 踢足球

9.be good at 擅长

10.on the basketabll team 在篮球队

11.scoot at the basket 投篮

12.the first us 第一班车

13.at eight 在八点

14.hurry up 快点

15.a quarter past ten 十点一刻

16.five to eleven 差五分十一点

17.the next train 下一趟火车

18.on Monday 在周一

19.a ticket for Shanghai 一张飞往上海的机票

20.at home 在家

21.a good idea 好主意

22.go skating 去滑冰

23.in the afternoon 在下午

24.in winter 在冬季

25.make a snowman 堆雪人

26. put on 穿上,戴上


1.in Class One,Grade One 在一年级一班

2.play ball games 进行球类活动

3.read books 读书

4.in summer 在夏季

5.have one's class 上课

6.on the playground 在操场上

7.every day 每天

8.the first class 第一节课

9.be interested in 对…感兴趣

10.his friend 他的朋友

11.go to the zoo 去动物园

12.collet stamps 集邮

13.make model cars 制作汽车模型

14.take pictures 照相

15.grow roses 种植玫瑰

16. go fishing 去钓鱼

17.Chinese food 中国食物

18.my parents 我的父母

19.two American boys 两个美国男孩

20.a new student 一名新生

21.study English 学英语

22.thank you 谢谢

23.in China 在中国

24.speak Japanese 讲日语

25.very well 很好

26.only a little 只有一点

27.a department store 百货商店

28.of course 当然可以

29.try on 试穿

30.have a look at看一看

31.how much 多少钱

32.at the market 在市场里

33.do shopping 买东西

34.a post office 邮局

35.deliver letters 送信

36.take care of 照顾

37.run a machine 开机器

33.get up 起床

39.last year 去年

40.for a long time 很长时间

41.next year 明年

42.come back 回来

43.listen to music 听音乐

44.around the house 在房子周围

45.have a party 开聚会

46.have meals 吃饭

47.look for 寻找

48.the first floor 第一层

49,each of us 我们每个人

50.on the wall 在墙上

51.be far from 离……远

52.write to 给……写信

53.get up 起床

54.have breakfast(lunch, dinner, supper) 吃早饭(午饭,晚饭)

55.do one’s homework 做作业

56. go to bed 上床睡觉

57.watch TV 看电视

58.get to到达

59.at home 在家

60. prepare for 准备

6I.wake up 叫醒 come in 进来

62.go into 进入

63.take a shower 洗澡

64.comb one's hair 梳头

65.brush one's teeth 刷牙

66.say goodbye to 和……说再见 at night 在夜里

67.put on 穿上,戴上

68.take off 脱下,摘下

69.good night 晚安

70.wash hands 洗手

71.take a trip 旅游

72.in front of在前面

73.in the east(south, west, north) 在东边

74.by boat 乘船

75.in the middle 在中部

76.a map of China 一张中国地图

77.how about怎么样

78.walk through 走过

79.go down the street 沿着这条街走

80.excuse me 请原谅

81.at the end 在终点

82.turn left (right) 向左(右)转

83.want to do sth.想要做某事

84.next to 旁边,隔壁


1.at the party 在聚会上

2.in a low voice低声的

3.give sb sth or give sth to sb 给某人某物

4.enjoy oneseIf 玩很高兴

5.have a party 聚会

6.make friends with sb 和某人交朋友

7.each other相互

8.think of 认为

9.a lot of 许多

10.enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事

11.do morning exercise 做早操

12.a good rest 好好休息

13. go for a walk 去散步

14.lie in bed 躺在床上

15.plenty of 大量的

16.catch a cold 感冒

17.have a rest 休息

18.three times a day 一天三次

19.have a fever发烧

20.take the medicine 吃药

21.be all right 身体好了

22.one…the other 一个,另一个

23.be on 演出

24.be over结束

25.yesterday evening 昨天晚上

26.It's good (bad) for… 对…有好处(坏处)

27.once a week 每周一次

28.turn on 打开

29.turen off 关上

30.nearly every day 几乎每一天

31.all kinds of各种各样

32.at the bus stop 在公共汽车站

33.get on 上车

34.get off 下车

35.wait for 等待某人

36.show sb.round 带领某人参观某地

37.be busy doing sth.忙于做某事

38.traffic lights 交通灯

39.move on 继续前进

40.be ready for 为…做准备

41.slow down 减慢速度

42.zebra crossing 人行道

43.knock...off... 撞倒

44.traffic rules 交通法规

45.road signs 交通标志

46.rush hours 高峰期

47.go sightseeing 去观光

48.be air, by plane 乘飞机

49.by sea, by ship 乘船

50.a few 几个,—些

51.most of 绝大多数

52.decide to do sth.决定做某事

53.had better 最好

54.from…to... 从…到…

55.ask sb to do sth.要求某人做某事

56.promise sb. to do sth.答应某人做某事

57.make a call 打电话

58.take a message for sb. 给某人捎个信

59. pick up 捡起,拾起

60.cut off 切断

61.put down 放下

62.go camping 去野营

63.hold on 稍等

64.have a good time 玩得高兴

65.at this moment 现在

66.a telephone booth 电话亭

67.have to 不得不

68.send sb.sth., send sten. to sb.送给某人某物

69. pay for 付款

70.in the middle 在中间

71.You're welcome 不客气

72.NO PARKING 禁止停车


1.be born 出生于

2.visit sb 拜访某人

3.tell sb. sth. 告诉某人某事 tell sb.to do sth.告诉某人做某事

4.tell sb.not to do sth.告诉某人不要做某事

a)teII sb.how to do sht 告诉某人怎样做某事

b)go to a place to do sth 去某个地方做某事

c)go to England to study English 去英国学习英语

5.study at a middle school 在中学学习

6. go boating 去划船 go fishing 去钓鱼

7.go swimming 去游泳 go shopping 去购物 go skating 去滑冰

8.at weekends 在周末

9.at the age of 在……年龄

10.come here at half past two every Saturday afternoon 每个星期六下午两点半来这儿

11.take pictures 照相

12.in one’s spare time 在业余时间

13.come here to do sth. 来这儿做某事

14.come in 进来

15.sit down 坐下 stand up 起立

16.ask sb. some questions 询问某人一些问题

17.on May 2,1984 在1984年5月2日

18.tell sb. the name of the street and the house number 告诉某人街道名字和房间号码

19.like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 like to do sth.喜欢做某事

20.become a teacher 成为一名教师 want to be a doctor 想成为一名教师

21.return to China=come back to China 返回中国

22.teach English at a famous medical college 在一所著名的医科大学教英语

23.tall and healthy 个高又健康

24.short and slim 个矮又苗条

25.be clever and quick in doing things 在做事上聪明伶俐

26.come here to learn singing 来这儿学唱歌

27.tell sb.a funny story 给某人讲述有趣的故事

28.on foot 步行

a)on one’s way to school 在上学的路上

b)on one’s way home 在回家的路上

c)on one’s way to the hospital 在去医院的路上

d)on one’s way to the cinema 在去电影院的路上

e)on one’s way to see a film 在去看电影的路上

29.see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某莫事 see sb.doing sth.看见某人正在做某事

a)hear sb. do sth 听到某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth.听到某人正在做某事

b)make sb.do sth 迫使某人做某事 help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

c)1et sb.do sth.让某人做某事 had better do sth.最好做某事

30. fall to the ground 倒在地上

31.go over 走过去,复习功课

32. hurry to school 勿忙去上学

33.be late for the first class 第一节课迟到

34.say with a smile 微笑地说

35.be glad to do sth.高兴做某事

36.do a good thing (deed) 做一件好事

37.fall ill=be i11 生病,患病

38.take sb. to a hospital 把某人送到医院

39.rain heavily 下大雨

40.on the road 在公路上

41.not know what to do 不知道该做什么

42.just then 正在那时

43.come up 走进,上来

44.in front of 在……前面

45.thank sb. again and again 反复感谢某人

46.drive away (汽车)离开

run away 跑开

take away 拿走

47.right away 立刻

48.right now 此刻,刚才,现在

49.get home 到家 get there 到达哪儿 get here 到达这儿

50. yesterday morning 昨天晚上

51.leave the hospital 离开医院

52.no buses=not any buses 没有车

53.say to sb.对某人说 say to oneself 自言自语

54.fall off 跌落

55.need to get up early 需要早起床

56.hurt my arm 胳膊受伤

57.What's wrong with you?=What's the matter with you? 你怎么了?

58.do one's homework on the computer 在电脑上做作业

59.have four English lessons 上四节英语课

60.once a week 一周一次 twice a year 一年两次 three times a month 一个月三次

61.do more listening and speaking 做大量的听说练习

do some cleaning 扫除

do some washing 洗衣服

do some shopping 购物

62.make good progress in English 在英语方面取得很大进步

63.help a lot in our studies 在学习上给子很大帮助

64.teach sb. English 教某人英语

65.get to school 到达学校

66.give sb.lessons 给某人上课

67.ask sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事

ask sb.not to do sth.要求某人不要做某事

68.let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

1et sb. not do sth.让某人不要做某事

69.not……until 直到……才

70.make one's lessons interesting 使某人的课上的很有趣

71.tell sb. how to do sth.告诉某人怎样做某事

72.try to learn new things be oneself 设法靠自己学一些新的知识

73.want to be a history teacher 想成为一名历史老师

74.grow up 长大

75.in future 在将来

76.computer room (电脑)机房

77.language lab 语言室

78.finish middle school 中学毕业

79.want to become (be) a designer 想成为一名设计家

80.wish to be doctor 希望成为一名医生

81.an American boy 一个美国男孩儿

82.study in a high school 在高中学习

83.in Grade Eight 在八年级

84.finish primary school 小学毕业

85.start school at the age of seven

=begin to school when I was seven 七岁开始上学

86.move to Washington with his family 和他全家搬到华盛顿

87.be interested in 对……感兴趣

88.want to become a doctor of Chinese medicine 想成为一名中医

89.come here to learn Chinese 来这儿学习中文

90.a nice school 一所好的学校

91.instead of 代替

92.in many ways 在许多方面

93.be different from 与……不同

94.by the way 顺便说

95.come back home 回家

96.be sorry for 为…难过,遗憾

97.feel sorry for 为…难过,遗憾

98.burn away 燃烧没了

99.open the door 开门

100.take sb. in one's arms 拥抱某人

101.have some medicine 吃药

102.have a football match 进行一场足球比赛

103.have a meeting 开会

104.walk back 向后走

105.give sth. back to sb. 把某物还给某人

106. work through the night 通宵工作

107.get through the examinations=pass the exam 通过考试

108.happen to 发生

l09.knock at the door 敲门

110.want to do sth. 想做…

111.fall down 掉下来

112.begin to do sth. 开始做…

113.have some tea 喝茶

114.have sports 进行体育锻炼

115.have a bad coId 得了重感冒

116.have a good time 玩的很高兴

117.keep back 向后退

118.so…that 如此…以至于…


1.near the fireplace 在火炉旁

2.sit down 坐下

3.jump up 跳起来

4.be angry with sb. 跟某人生气

5.get into the room through the window 从窗户进入房间

6.have lessons 上课

7.have to 必须,不得不

8.be wet through 全部湿透

9.on one's back 在某人的背上

10.read through the newspaper 通读报纸

11.be cold and hungry 又冷又饿

12.next morning 第二天早晨

13.make sth. for sb. 为某人做…

14.buy sth. for sb. 为某人买东西

15.help sb.with sth. 在某方面帮助某人 help sb.(to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

16.run out of the house 跑出房间

17.keep sth. 保留东西

18.keep oneself clean 保持个人卫生

19.a bit cheapcr 便宜一点儿

20.hand sth.to sb. 把某物递给某人.hand in sth.to sb.上交某人某物

21.put up one's hand 举手

22.put on 穿上 take off 脱下

23.jump up 跳起

24.be ready to do sth 淮备做某事

25.all kinds of 各种各样

26.show sb. sth. 向某人展示某事

27.begin to do sth.开始做某事

28.make…from 用……制作

29.be back soon 一会儿就回来

30.in one's hand 在手里

31. again and again 一次又一次

32.wait a moment 等一会

33.have no money 没钱

34.come back withouu the coat 没有穿衣服回来

35.understand his kind father 理解他好心的父亲

36.be afraid 害怕

37.a map of Beijing (China , the world) 一张北京地图

38.at the end of this class 这节课结束

39.Sorry to trouble you. 对不起给你找麻烦了。

40.No trouble at all.没有一点儿麻烦。

41.football team 足球队

42.play against 对赛

43.a good player 一名好远动员

44.be very exciting 令人兴奋的

45.the first half of the match 上半场,前半场

46.pass sth. to sb 把某物递给某人

47.run very fast 跑的很快

48.get into the goal (把球)射进球门

49.be very excited (人)感到兴奋

50.the result of the match 比赛结果

51.invite sb. to a big dinner 邀请某人就餐

52.near the end of the match 比赛快要结束

53.catch the ball 接住球

54. pass the hospital 路过医院

55.pass sb.sth.把某物递给某人

56.pass the maths exam 数学考试及格

57.a famous play 著名戏剧

58. put on a short play 上映短剧

59. get longer and longer 天变得越来越长

60. get dark 天黑

61.get some letters from my friends 收到朋友的来信

62. get the news 得到消息

63. get to the station 到达车站

64.get home 到家 get there 到达哪儿

65.have got 有

66.get on well with sb.和某人相处的很好

67.the right answers 正确答案

68.both her parents 她的父母双方

69.both of them 他们中两个人

70.on both sides of the street 在马路两旁

71.in both hands 在双手里 用双手

72.move over to the table 到桌前就餐

73.prepare so much delicious food 准备很多丰盛食物

74.help oneself to sth. 自便,随便吃

75.a team from a country school 一支来自农村的球队(运动员)

76.1ook like看起来像

77.one of the boys 男孩中一个

78.a boy in a dirty T-shirt 一个穿着脏T恤衫的男孩

79.stop the passs 阻止传球

80.turn to shoot 转过来投球

81.get two more points 又得了两分

82.in a minute 过了一会儿

83.be all over 全场结束

84.a little better 好一点儿

85.learn a more important lesson 上了一节更重要的课

86.stay in bed for another two days 再跟床上呆两天

87.one by one 一个一个

88.about school life in England 关于英国学校生活

89.wear a new dress at the party 在聚会(上)穿一条新裙子

90.work by day and study by night (在)白天工作晚上学习

9t.by this time tomorrow 不迟于明天这个时间

92.fly from Beijing to New York 从北京飞到纽约

93.go to school from Monday to Friday 从周一到周五上学

94.three weeks from today 今天算起还有三个星期

95.live far away from the school 住在离学校很远的地方

96. come from=be from 来自于

97.get a letter from my friend 收到我的朋友一封信

98. like some more fish 喜欢再吃一些鱼

99. thank sb. for …为…而感谢某人

100.go to the hill with sth. 带着东西上山

101.come to the top of the hill 来到山顶

101. stay here 呆在这儿

102.a good place 一个好地方

103.go faster and faster 走得越来越快

105.more and more children 越来越多的孩子

106.come along=come with sb.跟上来

107.race down the hill 比赛跑到山下

108.skate on the lake 在湖上滑冰

109.come on 跟(某人)来 快点、加油

110.put sth. under the tree 把某物放在树下

111.just then 正在那时

112.come off 脱离开

113.go off 走开

114. a good lake for skating 适合滑冰的湖

115.be ready for=get ready for prepare for 为…做准备

116.run back up the hill 跑回到山上

117.look out = be careful 当心,小心

118.go over复习功课,走过去

119.run down the hill 跑下山

120.go on skating over the lake 在湖上继续滑冰

121.go round and round 一圈一圈的走

122.come back to sb. 返回到某人处

123.come up to sb.向某人那里走来

124.as…as 与…一样

125.so…that 如此…以至

126.too…to 太…以至于不能…

127.on Friday afternoon 在星期五下午

128.turn right 向右拐

129.and so on 等等

130.need a lot of things 需要很多东西

131.It's time for sth. (for+n)=It's time to do sth. 该…时间了

132.study hard to get ready for 努力学习为…作准备

133.study hard at English 努力学习英语

134.stop sth. 停止某事 拦住某物

135.stop to do sth. 停下来再做某事

136.stop doing sth.停止做某事

137.not at a11 一点都不

133.stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

139.wait for sth. (sb) 等(车,人)

140.several people 几个人

141.go back home on foot 步行(返)回到家

142.go into the room quietly 静静的走进屋

143.become a doctor 成为一名医生

144.finish sth. 完成某事 finish doing sth.做完某事

145.at about seven this morning 今天早晨大约七点钟

146.half an hour 半小时

147.an hour and a half 一个半小时

148.play football 踢足球

149.p1ay the piano 弹钢琴

150.pass…on 把…传递给

151.fall into the lake 跌入湖中

152.aIl the children 所有的孩子们

153.go round the lake 围绕这湖走

154.look for寻找

155.call again and again (再三)反复叫喊

156. go out to walk on the thin ice 出去在薄冰上走

157.as well as 除…之外

158.get to the road 到达公路

159.call out to sb. 对某人大声的叫喊

160. get sb. out 把某人救出来

161.try to do sth. 尽力做某事

162.get a long ladder 拿来一架长梯子

163.run along the road 沿着马路跑

164.a big house 一间大的房子

165. go into the house 走进那间房子

166.come out with sth.拿着某物出来

167.hurry up 赶紧

168.go back to the lake with sth. 拿着某物返回到湖边

169. put the ladder down 把梯子放倒

170.look round 向四周看

171. go slowly along the ladder 沿着梯子缓慢的爬行

172.in the hole 在洞里

173.as soon as 一...就...

174.wet through 全湿透了

175. get hold of the ladder 抓住梯子

176.start pulling sth. back 开始住回拉

177.go home 回家

178.be late for 晚了,迟到

179. get slowly off the ladder 从梯子上缓慢的下来

180.help each other 互相帮助

181.heIp sb.a lot in learning English 在英语学习方面帮助某人很多

182.carry these boxes into the classroom 把这些箱子搬运到教室里

183.clearn the classroom 打扫教室

184.look at the colorful lights over your head 看你头上的彩灯

185.fly over the mountain 飞越过山顶

186.all over the world 遍及世界

187.over one hundred people 一百多人

188.rush out of the classroom 冲出教室

189.plant many trees round the school 围绕学校种了许多树

190.look after 照顾

191. look at 看

192.look out of the window 向窗外看

193.look worried 看上去很焦急

194.look up the word in the dictionary 查字典

195.develop into a modern city 发展成一个现代化城市

196.in the centre of Beijing 在北京市中心

197.in the past在过去

198. declare the founding of the new China 宣布新中国成立

199.have a wonderful view of the city 拥有—个美丽的城市风景

200.stand on top of the hill 站在山顶

201. 7,300 seven thousand and three hundred

202.4,304 four thousand, three hundred and four

203.56,432 fifty-six thousand,four hundred and thirty-two

204.768,321 seven hundred and sixty—eight thousand, three hundred and twenty-one

205.1,768,321 one million,seven hundred and sixty-eight thousand,three hundred and twenty-one

206.Bejing is capital of the People's Republic of Republic of China.北京是中华人民共和国首都

207.on October the first, nineteen forty-nine 在1949年10月1日

208.to the north of位于…北部

209.at a quarter past seven 七点一刻

210.talk about his past 谈论关于他的过去

211.go to see a film with his parents 和他的父母一起去看电影

212.at the headmaster's office 在校长办公室

213.almost a year 几乎一年

214.the classroom of C1ass Five,Grade Three 三年级五班教室

215.three of the students in this class 这个班的三名学生

216.a piece of cake 一块蛋糕

217.a telephone number 电话号码

218.be glad to see sb.高兴见到某人

219.speak to sb. in such a way 用这种方法对某人讲话

220.come in with some test papers in one's hand 手里拿着一些试卷走进教室

221.one of the largest squares 最大的广场之一

222.in the world 在世界上

223.on the west side of the square 在广场的西部

224.in the centre of the square 在广场中央

225.the afternoon of Monday 星期一下午

226.especially on holidays 特别在假日

227.most of them 他们中许多人

228.on fine days 在晴天,在好天

229.take pictures 照相

230.from east to west 从东到西

231.far from 遥远,很远

232.full of 充满

233.agree with sb.同意某人意见

234.turn back to 返回到,插回?









11. 动词的时态

11.1 一般现在时的用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用。时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday。例如:

I leave home for school at 7 every morning. 每天早上我七点离开家。

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如:

The earth moves around the sun. 地球绕太阳转动。

Shanghai lies in the east of China. 上海位于中国东部。

3) 表示格言或警句。例如:

Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。


4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。例如:

比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup. 把糖放入杯子。

I am doing my homework now. 我正在做功课。



11.2 一般过去时的用法

1)在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或存在的状态。例如:时间状语有:yesterday, last week, an hour ago, the other day, in 1982等。


3)句型:It is time for sb. to do sth "到……时间了" "该……了"。例如:It is time for you to go to bed. 你该睡觉了。 It is time that sb. did sth. "时间已迟了" "早该……了" ,例如It is time you went to bed. 你早该睡觉了。 would (had) rather sb. did sth. 表示'宁愿某人做某事'。例如:I'd rather you came tomorrow.还是明天来吧。

4) wish, wonder, think, hope 等用过去时,作试探性的询问、请求、建议等,而一般过去时表示的动作或状态都已成为过去,现已不复存在。例如:I thought you might have some. 我以为你想要一些。

1)动词want, hope, wonder, think, intend 等。

2)情态动词 could, would。例如:

Could you lend me your bike? 你的自行车,能借用一些吗?


11.3 used to / be used to

used to + do:"过去常常"表示过去习惯性的动作或状态,但如今已不存在。例如:

Mother used not to be so forgetful. 老妈过去没那么健忘。

Scarf used to take a walk. 斯卡夫过去常常散步。

be used to + doing: 对……已感到习惯,或"习惯于",to是介词,后需加名词或动名词。

11.4 一般将来时

1) shall用于第一人称,常被will 所代替。will 在陈述句中用于各人称,在征求意见时常用于第二人称。

Will you be at home at seven this evening? 今晚七点回家好吗?

2) be going to +不定式,表示将来。

a. 主语的意图,即将做某事。例如:What are you going to do tomorrow? 明天打算作什么呢?

b. 计划,安排要发生的事。例如:The play is going to be produced next month。这出戏下月开播。

c. 有迹象要发生的事。例如:Look at the dark clouds, there is going to be a storm. 看那乌云,快要下雨了。

3) be +不定式表将来,按计划或正式安排将发生的事。

4) be about to +不定式,意为马上做某事。例如:

He is about to leave for Beijing. 他马上要去北京。

注意:be about to do 不能与tomorrow, next week 等表示明确将来时的时间状语连用。

11.5 be going to / will 用于条件句时,be going to表将来,will表意愿。

11.6 be to和be going to

be to 表示客观安排或受人指示而做某事,be going to 表示主观的打算或计划。

11.7 一般现在时表将来

1)下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return的一般现在时可以表示将来,主要用来表示在时间上已确定或安排好的事情。

2)以here, there等开始的倒装句,表示动作正在进行。


When Bill comes (不是will come), ask him to wait for me. 比尔来后,让他等我。

4)在动词hope, take care that, make sure that等的宾语从句中。例如:

I hope they have a nice time next week. 我希望他们下星期玩得开心。

11.8 用现在进行时表示将来

下列动词come, go, arrive, leave, start, begin, return等现在进行时可以表示将来。

11.9 现在完成时

现在完成时用来表示之前已发生或完成的动作或状态,其结果的影响现在还存在;也可表示持续到现在的动作或状态。其构成:have (has) +过去分词。

11.10 比较一般过去时与现在完成时



一般过去时的时间状语:yesterday, last week,…ago, in1980, in October, just now等,皆为具体的时间状语。

现在完成时的时间状语:for, since, so far, ever, never, just, yet, till/until, up to now, in past years, always等,皆不确定的时间状语。

共同的时间状语:this morning, tonight, this April, now, already, recently, lately 等。

3)现在完成时可表示持续到现在的动作或状态,动词一般是延续性的,如live, teach, learn, work, study, know.。

一般过去时常用的非持续性动词有come, go, leave, start, die, finish, become, get married等。

句子中如有过去时的时间副词(如yesterday, last, week, in 1960)时,不能使用现在完成时,要用过去时。

11.11 用于现在完成时的句型

11.13 since的四种用法

1) since +过去一个时间点(如具体的年、月、日期、钟点、1980, last month, half past six)。

2) since +一段时间+ ago。

3) since +从句。

4) It is +一段时间+ since从句。

11.14 延续动词与瞬间动词

1) 用于完成时的区别

延续动词表示经验、经历; 瞬间动词表示行为的结果,不能与表示段的时间状语连用。

2) 用于till / until从句的差异

延续动词用于肯定句,表示"做……直到……" 瞬间动词用于否定句,表示"到……,才……

11.15 过去完成时

1) 概念:表示过去的过去

----|----------|--------|----> 其构成是had +过去分词构成。

那时以前 那时 现在

2) 用法

a. 在told, said, knew, heard, thought等动词后的宾语从句。例如:

She said (that)she had never been to Paris. 她告诉我她曾去过巴黎。

b. 状语从句


When the police arrived, the thieves had run away. 警察到达时,小偷们早就跑了。

c. 表示意向的动词,如hope, wish, expect, think, intend, mean, suppose等,用过去完成时表示"原本…,未能…"。例如:

We had hoped that you would come, but you didn't. 那时我们希望你能来,但是你没有来。

3) 过去完成时的时间状语before, by, until , when, after, once, as soon as。例如:

He said that he had learned some English before. 他说过他以前学过一些英语。

By the time he was twelve, Edison had began to make a living by himself. 到了十二岁那年,爱迪生开始自己谋生。

Tom was disappointed that most of the guests had left when he arrived at the party.



The students ___ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ___ in the office.

A. had written, left B,were writing, has left C. had written, had left D. were writing, had left

答案D. "把书忘在办公室"发生在"去取书"这一过去的动作之前,因此"忘了书"这一动作发生在过去的过去,用过去完成时。句中when表示的是时间的一点,表示在"同学们正忙于……"这一背景下,when所引导的动作发生。因此前一句应用过去进行时。

注意: had hardly… when 还没等…… 就……。例如:

I had hardly opened the door when I he hit me. 我刚打开门,他就打了我。

had no sooner…than 刚…… 就……。例如:

He had no sooner bought the car than he sold it. 他刚买了这辆车,转眼又卖了。

11.16 用一般过去时代替过去完成时

1) 两个动作如按顺序发生,又不强调先后,或用then,and,but 等连词时,多用一般过去时。例如:

When she saw the mouse,she screamed. 她看到老鼠,就叫了起来。

My aunt gave me a hat and I lost it. 姑妈给了我一顶帽子,我把它丢了。

2 ) 两个动作相继发生,可用一般过去时;如第一个动作需要若干时间完成,用过去完成时。例如:

When I heard the news, I was very excited.

3) 叙述历史事实,可不用过去完成时,而只用一般过去时。例如:

11.17 将来完成时

1) 构成will have done

2) 概念

a. 状态完成:表示某事继续到将来某一时为止一直有的状态。例如:

They will have been married for 20 years by then. 到那时他们结婚将有二十年了。

b. 动作完成:表示将来某一时或另一个将来的动作之前,已经完成的动作或获得的经验。例如:

You will have reached Shanghai by this time tomorrow. 明天此时,你已经到达上海了。

11.18 现在进行时


a. 表示现在(指说话人说话时)正在发生的事情。例如:

We are waiting for you. 我们正在等你。

b. 习惯进行:表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行。例如:

Mr. Green is writing another novel. 他在写另一部小说。(说话时并未在写,只处于写作的状态。)

c. 表示渐变,这样的动词有:get, grow, become, turn, run, go, begin等。例如:

The leaves are turning red. 叶子在变红。

It's getting warmer and warmer. 天越来越热了。

d. 与always, constantly, forever 等词连用,表示反复发生的动作或持续存在的状态,往往带有说话人的主观色彩。

11.19 不用进行时的动词

1)表示事实状态的动词,如have, belong, possess, cost, owe, exist, include, contain, matter, weigh, measure, continue等。例如:I have two brothers. 我有两兄弟。

This house belongs to my sister. 这房子是我姐的。

2)表示心理状态的动词,如know, realize, think see, believe, suppose, imagine, agree, recognize, remember, want, need, forget, prefer, mean, understand, love, hate等。例如:I need your help. 我需要你的帮助。

He loves her very much. 他爱她很深。

3)瞬间动词,如accept, receive, complete, finish, give, allow, decide, refuse等。例如:

I accept your advice. 我接受你的劝告。

4)系动词,如seem, remain, lie, see, hear, smell, feel, taste, get, become, turn等。

11.20 过去进行时



3) 常用的时间状语有this morning, the whole morning, all day yesterday, from nine to ten last evening, when, while等。

参考资料: 希望帮到你[*_*]


1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)

4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样

6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : Iwill go along with you我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样

9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed togo out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowedto watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : Sheis as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun isbad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于 31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心 33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名 35 befriendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :Heis from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come fromBejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filledwith 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass isfilled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good foryour English

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They arein tronble

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静 56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is shortfor 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth be sorryfor sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to troubleyou

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict inobeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are notstrict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed todo 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (myteacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he canpass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass thetest 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as … 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He isused to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借……lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station


the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of 到……为止 83 callsb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country'sfuture ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider goingto lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : Shelikes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

96 do wrong 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢 102escape from 从……逃跑eg: Theprisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 103expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb/sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the bookinteresting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forgetto go home I forget closing door 112 from…to… 从某某到某某eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = geton well with sb 与某人相处得好

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 getready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for mathI am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻119get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talkingYou have been sleeping since

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I havenothing to do 我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion =sb think 某人认为

148 in some ways 在某些方面

149 in the end =finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方(north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

151 in the sun 在太阳下

152 increase 增加

eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3%

the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now

153 instead of +(名 ) 代替

eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子

I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学

154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍

155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事

156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间

eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook

157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样

158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样

159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样

160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样 It's +adj ofsb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样

eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English

161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意

162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important tome

163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间


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怎么出初中的人教版英语试卷啊 我没有题目啊 有什么好的网站吗







这里是人教版初中教材的同步辅导 希望对你有用



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